Archive for April 2007
But to build in Brazil an institution inspired in the MIT (Massachussets Institute of Technology, of the United States) would go to cost the Montenegro innumerable other battles. The difficulties were perfectly understandable: at a time where we still imported bycicles and sanitary vases, Montenegro defended that Brazil should be converted into a world-wide aeronautical power - prophecy that he would live to see materialized in the Embraer, a company been born of a rib of the Aeronautical Institute of Technology - ITA1 founded by him.
Between the creation of ITA, in 1945, and the military coup of 1964, the Montenegro life transform itself in a succetion of battles and alliances with brigadier generals, marshals, ministers, entrepreneurs, bankers and even with presidents of the Republic.
The military held power from 1964 until March 1985 not by design but because of political struggles within the new regime. Just as the regime changes of 1889, 1930, and 1945 unleashed competing political forces and caused splits in the military, so too did the regime change of 1964. Because no civilian politician was acceptable to all the revolutionary factions, the army chief of staff, Marshall Humberto Castelo Branco (president, 1964-67), became president with the intention of overseeing a reform of the political-economic system.
Exactly the stubbornness of that Montenegro had determined to construct its dream to any cost only allowed that ITA arrived at XXI century as one of the most respected world-wide centers of technological knowledge production. The divergence of opinion regarding the paper of ITA, however, would produce what decades of conspiracies had not obtained: to bury the relation between Montenegro and one of his best friends Eduardo Gomes. For Montenegro, the Institute would have to be a granary of brains for the society, as a whole. Eduardo Gomes disagreed and defended that the ITA if converted into a center technician of support and maintenance of the Brazilian Air Force - FAB. Eduardo Gomes was stronger, with good relations with the situation government, but Montenegro gained. The ITA was successful. Marshall Montenegro died in 2000, in Petrópolis (Rio de Janeiro) - the city of Alberto Santos Dumont, and although not to have died in combat nor to have been minister, he had a burial with military honors. Its coffin - buried to the side of Eduardo Gomes one - was lead by six ITA students - three military and three civilians. It would have been its last message: civilians and military, side by side.
The author Fernando Morais gets better every time one more of his books hits the shelves. Not only does he put a face to a name (as he did many times before as with Olga and Assis Chatobriand) but in the process he is a masterful storyteller bringing light and truth to otherwise "officialized" history.
1Established as the first Institute of the Aerospace Technical Center (CTA), ITA is considered to be the berth to the modern Brazilian aerospace industry. Located in São José dos Campos, in the State of São Paulo, the CTA campus composes four institutes and spreads over a large area including teaching and R&D laboratories as well as a complete residential facilities for students, professors, researchers, and other professionals.
The company is a spin-off from the Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar), in the State of São Paulo. It originated at UFSCar’s CMDMC/LIEC, the country’s leading nanotech laboratory, with which it maintains active research and cooperation agreements.
The NANOX® technology for synthesizing nanomaterials has grown from a bottom-up method and more specifically from chemical synthesis methods.
Using its own technologies, NANOX® produces nanometric compounds with a controlled particle size and distribution, elevated homogeneity, controlled stoichiometry, at a low cost and on an industrial scale. Further, these processes allow materials with different characteristics to be made compatible, i.e. polar materials can be chemically transformed so as to incorporate or react with apolar materials, bringing about significant changes to the materials’ properties. Thus, NANOX® creates atomic-scale materials, modeling the properties of the materials and surfaces, and can produce a range of amorphous and crystalline materials, including simple and mixed metal oxides, coatings, nanocompounds and materials for clean energy.
Rua Jose Missali, 820 - Planalto Paraíso
CEP 135602-060 - Sao Carlos - SP - Brasil
Phone: +55 16 3364-2235
CIETEC – The Technology–Based Business Incubator Center - was inaugurated in April of 1998, in São Paulo, within a partnering association with SCTDE-SP - The Science, Technology and Economic Development Secretary of the State of São Paulo; SEBRAE-SP - The Brazilian Support Service for Micro and Small Businesses; USP – São Paulo University; CNEN - The National Commission of Nuclear Energy - through IPEN - The Nuclear and Energy Research Institute , and IPT - The Institute of Technological Research of the State of São Paulo , entities which compose Cietec’s Board of Directors. Later, MCT - the Ministry of Science and Technology - was incorporated to the Board
Cietec’s mission is to promote the development of Brazilian technology and science, by encouraging its members to turn knowledge into innovative and competitive products and services.
In order to do that, CIETEC lies ahead of a national development strategy to encourage entrepreneurship, enhance quality of life and position the country as a creating and exporting base of innovative technologies in the various fields of knowledge.
CIETEC provides its small and micro companies with tools which will increase their survival and competitiveness, offering these technology-based companies the excellence of its infra-structure and human resources.
Amid the differentials that make CIETEC one of the most important incubator centers in the Country, the primary one is its privileged location. Based in Cidade Universitária de São Paulo, CIETEC’S tenant companies have access to the laboratories of IPEN, IPT and USP, fundamental to ensure the quality of their projects.
For being a connection link between education and research institutions, government bodies and private organizations, it is Cietec’s policy to constantly improve exchange of information and support service throughout all the networking made up by entrepreneurs, investors, researchers, scientists, journalists, consultants, students, professors and company owners.
Av. Prof° Lineu Prestes, 2242 - Sao Paulo
Cidade Universitária - Butantã - CEP 05708-000
Phone: (11) 3039.8300
CEP 70041.902 - Brasília/DF
Fone/Fax: +55 61 3326